Blog Home :: Rayfields Decorating Home :: Contact Information

DIY By Design : Blog of Rayfields Decorating

Decorating a bedroom :: Posted by: Admin on April 30th, 2014

Decorating a bedroom

I thought I would do a post about a recent job I did, it was decorating a bedroom of a local bungalow. The job entailed stripping the old wallpaper, painting the woodwork and then re-papering with two different papers above and below a dado rail.

Firstly I removed the old wallpaper and backing paper. I don’t use a wallpaper stripper and I have blogged about this in the past, you can read my post How to strip wallpaper for more information on how I do it.

Once the wallpaper was removed I could see any holes and cracks that needed repair before hanging the new wallpapers, you can read about how to fill cracks in my post about it, I have also written about the different types of filler.

When the filler was dry I rubbed it down with the remaining walls to ensure they were smooth and level, I also rubbed all the woodwork down including a window sill, a door, a door frame and architrave, the skirting boards and the dado rail. I then vacuumed the walls down to remove any dust, I also vacuumed up and dust that had fallen onto the ground. I always carry my own vacuum with me to clear up so I don’t have to use the clients.

Now that all the preparation work was done to the walls and woodwork I could start to paint, I start at the top and work down, so the first job is the ceiling and coving which I painted with two coats of brilliant matt white emulsion.

Once the ceiling was dried and I was happy it looked OK i moved onto the woodwork, firstly giving it a coat of undercoat. I use a water based undercoat for quickness of drying, once the undercoat was dry I could topcoat the woodwork, in this case everything was painted with brilliant white satin wood.

I varnished the window sill with a clear satin varnish with three coats to complete the woodwork.

Now that the woodwork was done I had to wait for it to fully dry overnight before I could start to hang the wallpaper, which I did the following day. I wallpapered above the dado rail first and then below it.

How long does it take to decorate a bedroom?

Well that is a hard question to answer, it depends on how much there is to do, whether there is just emulsion or wallpapering to do. On this job it took me around three days to complete. But each job varies.

Below is a photo of the completed bedroom, showing one wall, the wallpaper (that is still wet) and the dado rail.

bedroom wallpaper

Tags: , , , , , , , , , ,
Posted in DIY Tips | No Comments »

How to prepare interior woodwork for painting :: Posted by: Admin on May 3rd, 2013

How to prepare interior woodwork for painting

Before you begin to paint any wood be it interior or exterior you need to prepare the wood first. Safety first, if your house was build before the mid-1960’s you may well have layers of paint containing lead in it, if this is the case take care, always use a mask. If you suspect you paintwork may contain lead, ask your local paint supplier for a leaflet or go online and download a guide from a paint manufacturer. Most likely it has been painted over now so is less of a problem. If you are stripping the wood back to bare wood, take safety measures. Modern paint does not contain lead.

Safety first

You should always think safety first, apart from the possible lead in paint as mentioned above, you should always wear a mask, you may also wear eye protection and gloves. You should also have good ventilation.

Interior Woodwork Painting

Preparing previously painted wood

It is a good idea to wash dirt and grime off of the woodwork using either warm soapy water or sugar soap. Once you have washed the woodwork down, allow to dry fully. You should then fill any holes and cracks with filler and rub or sand down so it is level and smooth. All woodwork should be rubbed down (abraded) to give the paint a ‘key’ to stick too. Rub down all the woodwork surfaces lightly. If the paint flakes off as you rub down, more than likely the paintwork was not prepared well the time before, you may need to remove this layer.

Once all the washing, filling and rubbing down has been done, remove all dust, this can be done with an old paint brush or ideally removed via a vacuum cleaner to keep the dust circulating to a minimum.

If the wood is to be painted and not stained, you should use a wood primer on any bare wood and filler to seal it, then apply a good coat of undercoat, once this has dried you can give it a light sand to remove any fluff, dirt or grit before top coating.

Finally, now you have prepared the wood you can finish it off with either a satinwood or gloss paint. If you are staining the wood, you wouldn’t use a primer or undercoat, just simply stain the wood until you get the finish you require, at least two coats is normal.

Preparing previously unpainted wood

If you are painting new, previously un-painted wood such a new door, which are widely available in large DIY stores or online from stores, you do not need to wash the wood down.

So for un-painted wood, fill and holes and gaps first and rub the filler down so it is level and smooth. Use a knotting solution to seal any knots in the wood. Allow the knotting solution to dry and then use a wood primer to seal the wood. Once the primer has dried, give it a light rub down to remove any debris. Next, undercoat the wood, you could give it two coats of undercoat to give a better coverage but leave to dry and rub down in between. Once you have rubbed the undercoat down you can finish off with a topcoat.

If you are staining the wood, fill holes with a wood coloured filler and rub it down flat and smooth, then stain the wood until you get the finish you require.

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Posted in DIY Tips | No Comments »

How to use decorators caulk :: Posted by: Admin on July 2nd, 2012

Decorators caulk gun

How to use decorators caulk

One on the most useful tools you should have in your DIY toolbox is a caulking gun, you can use this gun for a variety of sealants from silicone sealant to decorators caulk. These guns usually come in two sizes, a small or large, I think its always worth getting a large gun so you can use all sizes of tubes, large guns will take tubes of 380ml and cost around £4-5.

Knowing how to use decorators caulk

Decorators caulk is a flexible sealer / filler. It is used to fill gaps around skirting boards, door architraves, window and door frames cove / cornice and ceiling / wall line and anywhere there maybe movement. Once the decorators caulk dries it remains flexible and moves without cracking, unlike traditional powder fillers.

To use decorators caulk isn’t difficult and once you get the knack its easy.

Getting started

Dunlop Caulk filler

You will need the following:

  • A tube of decorators caulk, with nozzle
  • A caulking gun
  • A knife to cut top off tube and nozzle
  • A damp sponge or some water

The first thing you will need to do is remove the nozzle from the tube, then take your knife and cut the top off of the tube (be careful), next you need to cut a small amount off the end of the nozzle, cut this at about a 45° angle, don’t cut too much off, you want the end of the nozzle about the same size as the gap you’re filling. You can always cut more off of the nozzle if you need to later. Now screw the nozzle onto the tube and put the tube into the caulking gun.

Using decorators caulk

Once you have the tube and nozzle prepared and loaded into the gun you’re ready to apply the caulk. Gently squeeze the trigger until a little caulk comes out of the nozzle, you are now ready to apply the decorators caulk.

Place the nozzle at the beginning of the crack or gap you’re filling, gently apply even pressure to the trigger as you move the gun along the gap, you will leave decorators caulk along the crack or gap, once you reach the end, remove the gun and release the trigger release lever to stop caulk from continuing to run out from the end of the tube.

Now take a damp good quality sponge (so it doesn’t leave bits in the caulk) or a wet finger and rub it along the crack / gap you have just applied the caulk too, this will push the caulk into the crack but also smooth it out. If you need to apply more because you have missed a bit, do the same as you have just done.

Now you have filled the crack or gap you need to let the decorators caulk time to dry and set, this could be as little as an hour but this depends on how wide and deep the area you have filled. Once dry, decorators caulk can be painted over, wallpapered and lining papered over, but can not be rubbed down.

Cleaning up

Once you’re done you can clean up by using water to wash hands and sponges, take the decorators caulk out of the caulking gun and put a nail or screw in the end of the nozzle, or wrap masking tape of the nozzle to prevent the caulk from drying out too much in the nozzle and tube. Now store the tube in your shed or garage but protect from frost and extreme temperature as this may affect the caulk.


I have done a review on a caulk that doesn’t crack or craze, I have been using it for a while and the results are good.
Read my Review Of Dunlop Pro Decor Flexible Acrylic Filler Caulk here. And if you would like to buy some for yourself you can buy Dunlop Pro Decor Flexible Filler caulk from here.

Tags: , , , , ,
Posted in DIY Tips | 30 Comments »

Fillers – The different types and their uses :: Posted by: Admin on March 28th, 2012

Fillers – knowing which one to use

Filler, sounds like a dull topic doesn’t it! But knowing the main types of fillers and their uses is important as a DIY enthusiast. I’m going to cover three types of filler here as these are the main ones you are likely to use, there is obviously specialised fillers, but I won’t go into them here.

Powder filler

Powder fillers are probably the most common types of filler, they consist of powder that you mix with clean cold water, once mixed it is usually workable for 30-40 minutes and sets within a couple of hours. When dry it can be sanded back to a smooth finish ready for decorating. This filler is ideal for small to medium holes, scratches, cracks and imperfections, it can even be drilled and screwed into once hardened. Powder fillers can be used on wood, masonry, ceilings, plasterboard and is normally sold as ‘General Purpose’ filler.

Powder fillers are a good all round filler but despite what is says on the box will shrink so be prepared to fill larger holes and cracks more than once to get them level. For larger holes is often best to mix the filler on the dry side but not so dry it isn’t workable, then apply this to the area your filling, then once dry you can put a smoother paste like mix over the top, then sand smooth and level once dry.

I have used ready mixed powder type fillers without much success and wouldn’t recommend them as they seemed to give bad performance and were hard work.

Dunlop Caulk

Decorators Caulk

Decorators caulk is a flexible filler used for filling around door frames, skirting boards, ceiling line, coving or anywhere the maybe movement. You can not use decorators caulk to fill holes, cracks or imperfections as decorators caulk can not be rubbed down like powder filler. The whole idea of this filler is to be flexible and if you try and rub it down you’ll end up rubbing it all off as this isn’t a surface filler in the same way powder fillers are.

To use decorators caulk you will need an applicator gun , these can be picked up in a DIY store. You will need remove the nozzle to cut the top off the tube of caulk, then replace the nozzle and cut the end of the nozzle at a 45 degree angle, don’t cut too much off unless your filling a large gap. With the tube in the applicator run the nozzle along the gap whilst applying even pressure the the applicator trigger. Once you have applied the caulk run a damp finger along where you have just caulked to smooth it out and to press it into the gap. Then leave to dry.

A problem lots of people have is when over-painting the caulk with emulsion, the emulsion tends to ‘crack’ or ‘craze’ on the caulk, if this happens you can go over the caulk again with emulsion to cover this or use paint a primer or undercoat over the caulk before applying the emulsion. This issue is a problem for tradesmen as well as the DIYer. Oil-based or solvent-based paints seem not to have this issue when painting over caulk.

Update: I have done a review on a caulk that doesn’t crack or craze, I have been using it for a while and the results are good.
Read my Review Of Dunlop Pro Decor Flexible Acrylic Filler Caulk here. And if you would like to buy some for yourself you can buy Dunlop Pro Decor Flexible Filler caulk from here.

Two Pack fillers

Sometimes called 2 part, 2 pac or 2 pack or deep hole filler, these types of filler cure by chemical reaction, to use a hardener is mixed with the filler which react together and sets the filler in a few minutes and can be rubbed down within about 30 minutes. This type of filler can be used for larger repairs it doesn’t shrink or crack but it is harder to rub down than powder fillers. This type of filler is ideal for repairing rotten window and door frames, and is very touch, s much so it can be drilled, screwed and even planed! It is good for interior and exterior repairs but is more expensive that the other two types of filler.

I mostly use 2 pack filler for repairing damaged or rotten windows and door frames, one trick I have learned (the hard way) is to mix this filler close to where you want to use it as it sets quickly and by having to walk from the van to the rear of the house, then up ladders you lose a few minutes of it’s workable time and can set before you have applied it all and at the price of it you want to use all that you mix up!

Tags: , , , , ,
Posted in DIY Tips | 4 Comments »


DIY By Design

DIY Blog : Trade Tips For the Do It Yourself Enthusiast